The New York Power
Authority, the nation’s largest state-owned electric utility, marked its 80th anniversary in 2011.
Here is a look back at key dates in
NYPA history, arranged chronologically.
June 10, 1920: President Woodrow Wilson
signs the Federal Water Power Act, authorizing the federal
government to license and regulate hydropower projects. As a result,
hydroelectric projects subsequently built and operated by NYPA will
be subject to federal jurisdiction.
January l, 1930: Gov. Franklin D. Roosevelt
states in his annual message to the Legislature that hydroelectric
power generated on the St. Lawrence River should “remain forever in
the actual possession of the people of the state or of an agency
created by them.”
January 13, 1930: A bill introduced in the
State Legislature calls for establishment of a commission to “devise
and report a plan or plans for the development of hydroelectric
power on the St. Lawrence River.”
March 17, 1930: The New York State
Legislature approves a bill creating a St. Lawrence Power
Development Commission to study potential construction of
hydroelectric generating facilities on the St. Lawrence River.
January 15, 1931: The St. Lawrence Power
Development Commission, established by legislation the previous
year, issues a report calling for establishment of a power authority
to build generating facilities on the St. Lawrence River and arrange
for transmission and distribution of the power by private utilities.
March 4, 1931: Assemblyman Jasper W.
Cornaire, a Jefferson County Republican, introduces legislation
calling for creation of a Power Authority to develop the St.
Lawrence River’s hydroelectric potential. After winning approval in
both houses of the State Legislature, the bill will be signed into
law by Gov. Franklin D. Roosevelt on April 27.
April 7, 1931: In a key development
leading to the passage of legislation creating the Power Authority,
the State Senate votes, 26 to 23, to kill an amendment that would
have given the Legislature, rather than the governor, the power to
appoint the Authority’s trustees. Gov. Franklin D. Roosevelt, in a
radio address, hails the vote as a victory for the “influence of Mr.
and Mrs. Average Voter” over special interests.
April 27, 1931: Gov. Franklin D.
Roosevelt signs the Power Authority Act at his home in Hyde Park.
The law creates the Power Authority to develop the hydroelectric
power potential of the International Rapids section of the St.
May 6, 1931: Governor Franklin D. Roosevelt
appoints the Power Authority’s first Board of Trustees. Its members
are Frank P. Walsh, who will be elected chairman; James C. Bonbright;
Morris Llewellyn Cooke; Delos M. Cosgrove; and Fred Freestone.
May 12, 1931: The first meeting of the Power
Authority’s Board of Trustees is held at the Albany office of Lt.
Gov. Herbert H. Lehman. The trustees elect Frank P. Walsh as
chairman and decide that the Authority’s headquarters will be
located in rooms 717 and 718 of the State Office Building at 80
Centre Street in New York City. They agree that NYPA will establish
an office in Albany “as work progressed.”
March 8, 1932: The Power Authority issues
its first Annual Report, covering developments between May 6, 1931,
and February 29, 1932.
June 18, 1932: The United States and Canada
sign a treaty pledging cooperation in developing a joint St.
Lawrence power and navigation project; however, the U.S. Senate
rejects the treaty in 1934.
September 10, 1934: Trustee James C.
Bonbright is elected vice chairman of the Power Authority,
succeeding Delos M. Cosgrove, who had died in June.
November 11, 1934: The Power Authority’s
trustees meet with President Franklin D. Roosevelt at the White
House to present a report on distribution costs for electricity in
New York State and elsewhere. A purpose of the report is to assist
in the negotiation of contracts for distribution of power from a
potential project on the St. Lawrence River.
May 2, 1939: The Power Authority’s first
chairman, Frank P. Walsh, a prominent labor lawyer and civil rights
leader, dies of a heart attack at age 74, steps away from the U.S.
Courthouse at Foley Square in Lower Manhattan. A week later,
Governor Herbert H. Lehman designates Dr. James C. Bonbright, one of
NYPA’s original trustees, to succeed Walsh.
June 7, 1939: James C. Bonbright is elected
as the Power Authority’s second chairman, succeeding Frank P. Walsh,
who had died in office the previous month.
July 11, 1939: Leland Olds, the Power Authority’s
executive secretary, is appointed to the Federal Power Commission.
April 29, 1942: Gov. Herbert Lehman
signs legislation authorizing establishment in New York State of
rural electrical cooperatives that would qualify for loans from the
federal Rural Electrification Administration. The new law is viewed
as complementing the Power Authority Act.
February. 13, 1946: Major General Francis B. Wilby is elected Power Authority chairman
after being sworn in as a trustee
.April 3, 1947: The Power Authority
moves its offices from 80 Centre Street to 270 Broadway in Lower
June 26, 1947: The Power Authority issues
its first report on the potential for nuclear energy, predicting
that the new electricity source will supplement, but not replace,
January 26, 1948: President Harry S.
Truman, in a letter to Congressional leaders, recommends
authorization of the St. Lawrence Seaway and Power Project.
September 16, 1949: Trustee George S. Reed
is elected vice chairman of the Power Authority, succeeding Fred
Freestone, who retired.
February 27, 1950: The United States and Canada sign a treaty governing mutual use of
the waters of the Niagara River for power production while
preserving the beauty of Niagara Falls.
May 5, 1950: John E. Burton, vice president
of Cornell University and former state budget director, is elected
chairman of the Power Authority’s Board of Trustees.
June 22, 1950: The Power Authority signs a
contract with the federal government to purchase the Authority’s
first operating asset—a 77-mile transmission line from Taylorville
to Massena. Because of procedural delays, the transaction will not
be completed until 1951. The line remains in service today, with
some of its original structures.
March 20, 1951: The Power Authority Act is
amended to include hydroelectric development of the Niagara River as
well as the St. Lawrence River.
October 29, 1952: The International Joint
Commission, a U.S.-Canadian agency, grants permits to the Power
Authority and Ontario Hydro for construction of a hydroelectric
power project on the St. Lawrence River.
July 15, 1953: The Federal Power Commission issues
a license to the Power Authority to build a hydroelectric project on
the St. Lawrence River.
August 5, 1953: Power Authority trustees
accept a license for construction of a hydroelectric project on the
St. Lawrence River, issued the previous month by the Federal Power
September 15, 1953: The Federal Power
Commission grants the Power Authority a license to build a
hydroelectric power project on the St. Lawrence River.
March 1, 1954: Robert Moses is elected
chairman of the Power Authority’s Board of Trustees.
May 13, 1954: President Dwight D. Eisenhower
signs the Wiley-Dondero Bill establishing the St. Lawrence Seaway
Development Corporation. The Seaway will be built in conjunction
with NYPA’s St. Lawrence project.
June 7, 1954: The U.S. Supreme Court
dismisses the last legal challenge to Power Authority construction
of the St. Lawrence project. Construction will begin in August.
August 10, 1954: The Power Authority breaks
ground for construction of its first generating project, on the St.
December 1, 1954: The Power Authority issues
its first bonds, totaling $335 million at 3.18 percent interest.
Proceeds will be used to finance construction of the Authority’s
first generating facility, the St. Lawrence project.
January 17, 1956: Governor W. Averill
Harriman approves contracts for the sale of power from NYPA’s St.
Lawrence Power Project to the City of Plattsburgh municipal electric
system, Plattsburgh Air Force Base and the state of Vermont. Sales
to neighboring states such as Vermont are required by the project’s
March 15, 1956: NYPA trustees approve the
design for a Power Authority seal, developed by sculptor Paul
Manship. Other notable works by Manship include the Prometheus
Fountain in Rockefeller Center and the Paul J. Rainey Memorial
Gateway at the Bronx Zoo.
April 9, 1956: Responding to strong
public interest, Power Authority trustees approve the establishment
of a temporary visitors program near the construction site of NYPA’s
St. Lawrence project in Massena.
June 7, 1956: Niagara Mohawk’s Schoellkopf
hydroelectric plant is destroyed in a rockslide, creating a severe
power shortage on the Niagara Frontier and leading to Power
Authority construction of the Niagara Power Project.
August 20, 1956: The Power Authority applies
to the Federal Power Commission for a license to build a
hydroelectric power project near Niagara Falls.
February 4, 1957: Power Authority trustees vote to enter into an agreement with the
state’s Conservation Department regarding establishment of the
Wilson Hill Wildlife Management Area as part of the Authority’s new
power project on the St. Lawrence River.
February 4, 1957: Power Authority trustees agree to relocate NYPA’s New York City
headquarters to office space at 10 Columbus Circle, at a cost of
$6-7 per square foot. The previous office had been at 270 Broadway
in Lower Manhattan.
April 29, 1957: Modern Art Foundry in
Long Island City is chosen to cast the Power Authority seal, which
will be installed at NYPA’s first generating facility, the St.
Lawrence project in Massena.
June 13, 1957: The Power Authority enters
into a power-supply agreement with General Motors in Massena.
August 21, 1957: President Dwight D.
Eisenhower signs the Niagara Redevelopment Act, directing the
Federal Power Commission to issue a license to the Power Authority
for construction of a hydroelectric project near Niagara Falls.
January 30, 1958: The Federal Power
Commission issues a license to the Power Authority for construction
of the Niagara Power Project.
July 17, 1958: The St. Lawrence hydroelectric
project begins operation as the Power Authority’s first generating
November 10, 1958: NYPA trustees award a
$35,000 contract to Thomas Hart Benton to paint a mural that will be
displayed in the Power Vista, the visitors center at the Authority’s
Niagara Power Project.
January 5, 1959: Power Authority trustees
hold a special meeting on Randall’s Island in New York City to
discuss financing of NYPA’s Niagara Power Project.
June 27, 1959: Completion of NYPA’s first
generating facility, the St. Lawrence Power Project, is celebrated
in a dedication ceremony attended by Queen Elizabeth II and Vice
President Richard M. Nixon. The international hydropower project,
spanning the border between Massena, N.Y., and Cornwall, Ont., had
produced first power on July 17, 1958.
July 20, 1959: Full power is delivered from NYPA’s
St. Lawrence project, two years ahead of the original schedule.
January 11, 1960: NYPA Chairman Robert
Moses reports that “we are arranging to study, in cooperation with
Ontario Hydro, the best use of the flow of the Niagara River.”
March 14, 1960: Power Authority trustees
approve the sale of NYPA-owned land in Lewiston to Mount St. Mary’s
Hospital, which opens its present Military Road facility five years
October 10, 1960: NYPA trustees vote to name
the main generating facility at the Niagara Power Project the
“Robert Moses Niagara Power Plant” to honor the Authority’s
chairman. The project, being built under Moses’ direction, will
begin operation in 1961 as the state’s largest power source.
January 28, 1961: Electricity is produced
for the first time at the Power Authority’s 2,400,000-kilowatt
Niagara Power Project, at the time the largest hydroelectric project
in the Western World.
February 10, 1961: NYPA’s Niagara Power Project is formally dedicated.
June 12, 1961: Power Authority trustees vote
to name the pumped storage plant at the Niagara Power Project “the
Lewiston Pump-Generating Plant.”
December 31, 1962: Robert Moses retires as
Power Authority chairman. During his tenure of nearly eight years
and 10 months, Moses led the struggle to win designation for the
Authority to build the Niagara Power Project and presided over the
massive construction efforts on the St. Lawrence River and at
January 8, 1963: James A. FitzPatrick is
elected chairman of the Power Authority, succeeding Robert Moses.
March 11, 1963: NYPA trustees authorize
creation of a Power Authority exhibit for the 1964-65 New York
November 9, 1965: The Power Authority’s
Niagara and St. Lawrence hydroelectric projects continue to operate
as a major blackout strikes the Northeastern United States and
Canada. No damage is incurred by the Authority’s generating and
transmission facilities, and normal service resumes on all lines as
soon as the substations and related facilities of NYPA’s customers
October 13, 1967: NYPA trustees approve
Authority participation on several committees of the New York Power
Pool, formed by the state’s seven major investor-owned utilities in
response to the 1965 Northeast blackout. The Authority subsequently
becomes a full-fledged Pool member.
December 15, 1967: An 18-member committee
appointed by Gov. Nelson A. Rockefeller to assess New York State’s
power needs recommends that the Power Authority be permitted to
build pumped storage projects and nuclear power plants.
May 21, 1968: Governor Nelson A. Rockefeller
signs legislation authorizing the Power Authority to construct
pumped storage and nuclear power facilities. As a result, the
Authority will build the Blenheim-Gilboa Pumped Storage Power
Project in Schoharie County and the James A. FitzPatrick Nuclear
Power Plant in Oswego County.
August 8, 1968: Power Authority Chairman
James A. FitzPatrick announces that NYPA plans to build a nuclear
power plant at Nine Mile Point, on Lake Ontario near Oswego.
The plant begins operation in 1975.
August 15, 1968: The Power Authority applies
to the Federal Power Commission for a license to build a pumped
storage hydroelectric project in Schoharie County, about 40 miles
southwest of Albany.
September 23, 1968: The Power Authority’s
nuclear power plant under construction on Lake Ontario near Oswego
is named in honor of Chairman James A. FitzPatrick by his fellow
November 18, 1968: Power Authority trustees
accept assignment of Niagara Mohawk Power Corp. contracts with
General Electric Co. for major components that will be used in
NYPA’s James A. FitzPatrick Nuclear Power Plant.
December 31, 1968: The Power Authority
applies to the federal Atomic Energy Commission for permission to
build a nuclear power plant on the shore of Lake Ontario in the Town
of Scriba, near Oswego.
June 6, 1969: The Federal Power Commission
issues a license for the Power Authority to construct the Blenheim-Gilboa
Pumped Storage Power Project in Schoharie County. The Authority’s
trustees vote on June 16 to accept the license.
July 12, 1969: Groundbreaking ceremonies are held
for the Power Authority’s Blenheim-Gilboa Pumped Storage Power
August 1, 1971: William S. Chapin retires as
the Power Authority’s general manager. His successor, Asa George,
also continues as chief engineer.
September 17, 1971: Power Authority trustees
approve a proposed contract for sale of hydroelectric power from the
Niagara Power Project to the City of Jamestown municipal electric
system. Power under the contract, which is subject to approval by
Gov. Nelson A. Rockefeller, will supplement Jamestown’s own
December 17, 1971: The Power Authority
announces the retirement of William H. Latham as its top staff
official at the Niagara Power Project and the appointment of Eugene
L. Gochnauer to succeed him. Latham was the Authority’s ranking
on-site official at the start of construction of the St. Lawrence
project and throughout construction of Niagara.
June 2, 1973: NYPA completes successful
testing of the first of four units at its Blenheim-Gilboa Pumped
Storage Power Project in Schoharie County. During these tests, water
is pumped for the first time to the project’s upper reservoir, from
which it is released for generation of electricity by the same unit
as part of the testing process.
July 5, 1973: NYPA’s Blenheim-Gilboa Pumped Storage
Power Project begins commercial operation.
July 30, 1973: Trustee George L. Ingalls of
Binghamton is elected vice chairman of the Power Authority. Ingalls
will retire in 1990, having served as a trustee for 23 years, the
longest tenure in NYPA history.
July 30, 1973: George T. Berry is appointed general
manager and chief engineer, the Power Authority’s top staff
July 31, 1973: The Power Authority’s Blenheim-Gilboa
Pumped Storage Power Project and Mine Kill State Park, a 650-acre
facility built nearby by the Authority, are dedicated, with Lt. Gov.
Malcolm Wilson in attendance.
September 18, 1973: Trustee George L.
Ingalls is elected vice chairman of the Power Authority, succeeding
Edmund H. Brown, who retired. Ingalls, a member of the board since
1967, will retire in 1990 as the longest-serving trustee and vice
chairman in Power Authority history.
December 28, 1973: In the face of a Middle
East oil embargo, the Power Authority asks its 42 municipal system
and rural cooperative customers in New York State to reduce voltage
on their systems by 3 percent to save electricity. Although the
Authority at this time uses no oil, the action is taken in concert
with statewide voltage reduction measures.
May 21, 1974: The first computer terminal
facilities are installed in the Power Authority’s New York Office.
June 11, 1974: The Power Authority’s St.
Lawrence project passes the 100 billion kilowatt-hour mark for total
power generation. Cumulative generation at the end of 2005 stood at
nearly 319 billion kilowatt-hours.
June 27, 1974: The Power Authority announces
it will apply to the state Public Service Commission for approval to
construct a second 230-kilovolt transmission line from its St.
Lawrence project in Massena to Plattsburgh. NYPA will go on to build
this line, adjacent to the previous one.
July 1, 1974: A Federal Power Commission
administrative law judge approves the route for a 345-kilovolt
transmission line to be built by the Power Authority from its
Blenheim-Gilboa Pumped Storage Power Project in Schoharie County to
a substation in Leeds, Greene County.
July 15, 1974: The Power Authority announces an
$800,000 pilot program offering energy conservation measures to
residential and small commercial customers of four public electric
systems. Free energy audits, low-interest bank loans and free
installation of efficiency equipment will be available in the
Skaneateles, Sherrill and Groton municipal systems and the Delaware
County rural cooperative.
July 30, 1974: An 18th-century dairy barn is reborn
as a state-of-the-art visitors center at NYPA’s Blenheim-Gilboa
Pumped Storage Power Project, which began operating one year
September 10, 1974: The Power Authority
opens a field office at the Oneida County Airport in Oriskany to
administer design and construction of its proposed 765-kilovolt
transmission line from Quebec to Marcy, near Utica.
September 18, 1974: Power Authority Chairman
James A. FitzPatrick warns at the annual meeting of the state
Municipal Electric Utilities Association in Lake Placid that the
nation will face a worsening energy crisis in the next decade if
construction of needed power plants is delayed.
October 17, 1974: The U.S. Atomic Energy
Commission issues a license to the Power Authority to operate the
James A. FitzPatrick Nuclear Power Plant on Lake Ontario near
November 26, 1974: Power Authority trustees
approve a General Purpose Bond Resolution that will govern issuance
of all NYPA bonds until it is replaced by a new resolution in
February 1998. The trustees also authorize acquisition of the
partially complete Astoria 6 generating plant in Queens from Con
Edison, subject to approval of State Comptroller Arthur Levitt.
December 12, 1974: The Power Authority signs
a contract for purchase of Con Edison’s partially completed Astoria
6 oil-fueled power plant in Queens. The plant, transferred to the
Authority the next day, will begin commercial operation in 1977. In
1982, it will be renamed for Charles Poletti, former governor and
February 1, 1975: Electricity is produced for the first time at NYPA’s James A.
FitzPatrick Nuclear Power Plant on Lake Ontario near Oswego.
July 28, 1975: The Power Authority’s James A. FitzPatrick Nuclear Power Plant on Lake Ontario near Oswego begins
commercial operation. NYPA in 2000 will sell the plant and its
Indian Point 3 Nuclear Power Plant in Westchester County to Entergy
Corp. of New Orleans.
December 31, 1975: The Power Authority
purchases the partially completed Indian Point 3 Nuclear Power Plant
in the Village of Buchanan, Westchester County, from Con Edison.
The plant will begin commercial operation the following year.
April 25, 1976: Electricity is
produced for the first time at NYPA’s Indian Point 3 Nuclear Power
June 21, 1976: Power Authority electricity
flows for the first time to municipal electric systems serving the
villages of Freeport and Rockville Centre on Long Island. Service to
a third Long Island system—in the Village of Greenport—will begin
after completion of transmission arrangements.
August 2, 1976: Power Authority trustees
approve the first 16 proposed contracts for sales of electricity
from NYPA’s Indian Point 3 Nuclear Power Plant and Astoria 6
oil-fueled plant to public entities in New York City and Westchester
County. The contracts remain subject to approval by Gov. Hugh L.
September 21, 1976: NYPA trustees approve a
proposed contract for allocation of 11,000 kilowatts of
hydroelectric power to a new municipal electric system in the City
of Sherrill, Oneida County. The contract is subject to approval by
Gov. Hugh L. Carey.
September 21, 1976: Power Authority trustees
approve establishment of a transmission line operation and
maintenance center and a training facility for transmission crews in
Marcy, near Utica. The trustees will vote the following month to
approve location of the Authority’s systemwide Energy Control Center
at the Marcy complex.
September 22, 1976: The Power Authority
begins supplying electricity to governmental customers in New York
City and Westchester County from its Indian Point 3 Nuclear Power
Plant in Buchanan.
October 15, 1976: NYPA trustees approve
establishment of a systemwide Energy Control Center in Marcy, near
Utica. The center, to be part of an operations, maintenance and
training complex, will replace a Production Control Center
established at the Niagara project in 1970.
November 12, 1976: NYPA trustees approve 28
proposed contracts for sale of electricity to public agencies and
communities in Westchester County from the Indian Point 3 Nuclear
Power Plant in Buchanan and the Astoria 6 plant in New York City.
The contracts are subject to approval by Gov. Hugh L. Carey.
December 17, 1976: Power Authority Chairman
James A. FitzPatrick tells a state Assembly committee that
legislative intent is being thwarted by regulatory delays in
licensing needed power plants. He says no new plants have been
approved since the Legislature in 1972 enacted a bill to speed the
February 12, 1977: Electricity is produced for the first time at NYPA’s Charles Poletti
Power Project, known at the time as Astoria 6.
May 19, 1977: Frederick R. Clark, an Albany
banking executive and attorney and former state tax commissioner, is
elected chairman of the Power Authority, succeeding James A.
FitzPatrick, whose retirement will take effect June 1. FitzPatrick
will step down after serving as chairman for 14 years, the longest
tenure in Power Authority history.
May 26, 1977: Power Authority Chairman James
A. FitzPatrick dedicates the newly restored Lansing Manor, a
19th-century home on the grounds of NYPA’s Blenheim-Gilboa Pumped
Storage Power Project. Operated as a museum in conjunction with the
Schoharie County Historical Society, it opens to the public the
June 1, 1977: Frederick R. Clark, an Albany
banking executive, attorney and former state tax commissioner, takes
office as Power Authority chairman, succeeding James A. FitzPatrick.
August 17, 1977: The Power Authority
announces the opening of Mallet Pond, a 16-acre site stocked with
rainbow and brook trout that has been developed as a public
recreational facility near NYPA’s Blenheim-Gilboa Pumped Storage
Power Project in Schoharie County.
June 28, 1978: Power Authority trustees
approve a proposed contract for the sale of 15,000 kilowatts of
hydroelectric power to the Town of Massena if the town’s effort to
establish a municipal electric system is successful. The contract is
subsequently approved by Gov. Hugh L. Carey and service begins when
the Massena system is established in 1981.
July 18, 1978: The Niagara Power Project’s
admission-free visitors center—the Power Vista—introduces new
interactive exhibits, including a Van De Graff generator and other
hands-on devices, to demonstrate the basics of electricity.
August 17, 1978: Thomas F. Moore, Jr.,
Power Authority general counsel from 1954 to 1971, dies in New
York City at 70. Moore played a key role in passage of the
federal Niagara Redevelopment Act, which designated the Power
Authority to build the Niagara Project, and directed the
Authority’s legal efforts during construction of the St.
Lawrence and Niagara facilities.
September 26, 1978: Power Authority trustees
approve a proposed contract for the sale of electricity to the
Village of Green Island municipal system in Albany County. The
contract, to take effect upon approval by Gov. Hugh L. Carey, will
mean that NYPA for the first time is serving all of the state’s
municipal electric systems and rural cooperatives.
December 1, 1978: NYPA begins service to the
Village of Green Island municipal system in Albany County, marking
the first time the Authority is supplying electricity to all of the
state’s municipal electric systems and rural cooperatives. NYPA
Chairman Frederick R. Clark and Mayor Michael R. McNulty take part
in ceremonies in the village.
December 22, 1978: The Power Authority’s
765-kilovolt transmission line from the Quebec border to Central New
York is fully energized as electricity flows for the first time on a
134-mile stretch from Massena to Marcy, near Utica. A 21-mile
segment from the border to Massena had operated previously.
December 27, 1978: The appointment of Joseph
R. Schmieder as the Power Authority’s chief engineer is announced by
Chairman Frederick R. Clark. George T. Berry, previously general
manager and chief engineer, will continue to serve as the
Authority’s top staff official, with the title of executive
April 5, 1979: Power Authority
trustees vote to sell the assets of the proposed Greene County
Nuclear Power Plant in Cementon, effectively terminating the
August 1, 1979: John S. Dyson is elected
chairman of the Power Authority and announces that the Authority
will launch a multi-faceted effort “to break OPEC’s stranglehold on
this country.” He quickly develops a 10-point program to reduce use
of oil from the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries.
September 19, 1979: George T. Berry, the
Power Authority’s executive director, is named the Authority’s first
president and chief operating officer as part of a new
organizational structure announced by Chairman John S. Dyson.
November 7, 1979: Power Authority Chairman
John S. Dyson tells cadets at the U.S. Military Academy that “the
United States must regain control of its destiny by re-establishing
its energy independence.” He says the recent seizure of the U.S.
embassy in Tehran spotlights “the degree to which this country has
been victimized by its dependence on imported oil.”
December 18, 1979: Power Authority Chairman
John S. Dyson calls on legislators from all 50 states and federal
energy officials at a national energy forum in Denver to take action
to combat the “deadly threat to our basic liberties and security”
posed by dependence on foreign oil.
December 22, 1979: Marking the first
anniversary of full energization of the Authority’s 765-kilovolt
transmission line, Chairman John S. Dyson says hydroelectric power
carried from Quebec on the line has saved New York consumers more
than $50 million and reduced the state’s oil use by more than 13
February 15, 1980: Power Authority Chairman John S. Dyson and Newfoundland Premier
Brian Peckford agree to explore potential hydropower exports from
Newfoundland to New York State.
March 10, 1980: NYPA Chairman John S. Dyson
announces a new conservation program—“Button Up”—for approximately
125,000 residential customers served by the state’s municipal and
rural cooperative electric systems.
June 30, 1980: Power Authority transmission
staff begin to relocate from the Production Control Center based at
NYPA’s Niagara Power Project to a new facility near Utica called the
Marcy Operations and Maintenance Center.
August 21, 1980: Power Authority Chairman
John S. Dyson announces that NYPA will begin construction of small
hydroelectric projects at two New York City-owned reservoirs—Ashokan
in Ulster County and Kensico in Westchester County. The Ashokan
Project begins operation in 1982 and the Kensico Project in 1983.
September 26, 1980: Power Authority Chairman
John S. Dyson presides at ceremonies marking the start of
construction of the Authority’s first small hydroelectric project,
at the Ashokan Reservoir in Ulster County.
November 13, 1980: NYPA Chairman John S.
Dyson announces that New York State consumers have saved more than
one billion gallons of oil and about $100 million in just over two
years thanks to Authority purchases of hydroelectric power from
December 19, 1980: Power Authority trustees
approve construction of a second new 345-kilovolt transmission line
between NYPA’s Niagara Power Project and Ontario Hydro’s Sir Adam
Beck complex. The trustees had authorized the first line the
July 29, 1981: Former NYPA Chairman Robert Moses
dies at age 92 in West Islip, Long Island.
August 24, 1981: Power Authority Chairman
John S. Dyson joins executives of the Aluminum Company of America
(Alcoa) and the Reynolds Metals Co. in Massena to sign new contracts
for the supply of low-cost hydroelectric power from the Authority’s
St. Lawrence project to the companies through 2013. (Alcoa acquired
Reynolds in 2000 and continued operation of the two companies’
August 25, 1981: NYPA’s first generating
facility, the St. Lawrence Project, is renamed in honor of the New
York governor largely responsible for the Authority’s creation. The
site’s new name is the St. Lawrence-Franklin D. Roosevelt Power
October 26, 1981: The Power Authority
commemorates its 50th anniversary with a program at the American
Museum of Natural History’s Hayden Planetarium in New York City.
Among the dignitaries are U.S. Senator Ernest Hollings of South
Carolina and Dr. Story Musgrave, an astronaut and chief test pilot
in the space shuttle program.
November 6, 1981: The Power Authority
announces it is considering moving a portion of its headquarters
staff from New York City to the White Plains area.
November 17, 1981: Power Authority trustees
approve filing of an application for a federal license to build a
small hydroelectric project at Hinckley Reservoir, north of Utica.
The project, named for Gregory B. Jarvis, an astronaut who grew up
in the area and died in the Challenger space shuttle tragedy, will
begin operation in 1986.
February 1, 1982: Leroy W. Sinclair is appointed president and chief operating officer
of the Power Authority.
Februaru 19, 1982: The Power Authority announces that 20 percent of its New York Office
staff, about 150 persons, will relocate from 10 Columbus Circle to
new offices in White Plains. Most of the employees work in the
Nuclear Generation Department.
March 19, 1982: New York Gov. Hugh L. Carey
and Quebec Premier Rene Levesque officiate at a ceremony marking the
signing of a 13-year contract between the Power Authority and
Hydro-Quebec for NYPA’s purchase of 111 billion kilowatt-hours of
electricity from Quebec, from 1984 to 1997.
May 18, 1982: The Power Authority announces
it will apply for federal licenses to expand hydroelectric
facilities at Crescent and Vischer Ferry Dams on the Mohawk River
north of Albany. NYPA plans to install 6,000 kilowatts of additional
capacity at the two sites, which already have 5,600 kilowatts each.
August 6, 1982: Construction begins on a
10-kilowatt wind energy system at Morrisville College, co-sponsored
by NYPA, which had been exploring wind power projects as a possible
alternative to fossil-fueled generation.
August 12, 1982: The Federal Energy
Regulatory Commission grants the Power Authority a license to build
and operate a 9,000-kilowatt hydroelectric project at Hinckley
Reservoir in Herkimer and Oneida counties. The facility begins
generating electricity in 1986 and is named in honor of Gregory B.
Jarvis, who grew up nearby and died aboard the Challenger space
shuttle earlier that year.
October 22, 1982: The Power Authority’s
small hydroelectric project at Ashokan Reservoir in Ulster County
begins producing electricity.
October 25, 1982: Power Authority trustees
vote to change the name of the Astoria 6 generating plant in Queens
to the Charles Poletti Power Project, in honor of the only person to
serve both as a New York State governor and a NYPA trustee.
November 19, 1982: The Power Authority
applies to the state Public Service Commission for a permit to build
a 345-kilovolt transmission line from Marcy, near Utica, to East
Fishkill in Dutchess County. The 207-mile Marcy-South line will be
completed in 1988.
November 24, 1982: Dedication ceremonies are
held at the Ashokan Hydropower Project, the first in a series of
small hydroelectric facilities NYPA will develop to reduce New York
State’s dependence on foreign oil. The 4,750-kilowatt Ashokan
project is NYPA’s first new baseload hydropower generator since its
Niagara project began operation in 1961.
Jan. 20, 1983: NYPA’s small
hydroelectric project at the Kensico Reservoir in Valhalla,
Westchester County, produces electricity for the first time.
Feb. 18, 1983: The American Public Power Association releases survey results
showing that NYPA was the nation’s largest public power
organization, in terms of sales, in 1981. While NYPA sold more
electricity—39.7 billion kilowatt-hours—than the second- and
third-place utilities, its revenues for the year—$974.1
million—ranked third, reflecting its low rates.
March 14, 1983: The Power Authority opens an
office in Cooperstown to provide the public with information about
its proposed Marcy-South transmission line.
April 7, 1983: Power Authority
Chairman John S. Dyson tells leaders of the New York City financial
community that the Authority’s economical electricity can fuel New
York State’s leadership in “An Age of Electronic Enterprise.” The
speech coincides with release of the Authority’s 1982 Annual Report,
which features the same theme and marks the debut of a new logo for
the Power Authority.
May 1, 1983: The Power Authority begins
stringing two 345-kilovolt transmission lines across the Niagara
Gorge, linking Ontario Hydro’s Sir Adam Beck facility with NYPA’s
Niagara Power Project. The lines will increase the capability to
transfer electricity between New York State and Canada by 1,250,000
June 14, 1983: NYPA’s St. Lawrence-FDR Power
Project receives the National Safety Council Award of Merit for
completing one million man-hours without a lost-time accident during
the period from December 8, 1980 to January 31, 1983. The Massena
hydropower project is the first NYPA facility to reach this
November 3, 1983: Chairman John S. Dyson
announces that the Power Authority is studying possible construction
of a transmission line between Westchester County and Long Island,
with an underwater crossing of Long Island Sound. Construction of
NYPA’s Sound Cable Project begins in May 1989, and the project is
completed two years later.
November 15, 1983: The Power Authority and
Ontario Hydro mark completion of a new 345-kilovolt transmission
line between NYPA’s Niagara Power Project and the Sir Adam Beck
hydroelectric complex in Queenston, Ontario.
February 28, 1984: The Power Authority accepts the terms of a pending federal license
for a proposed 1 million-kilowatt pumped storage power project in
Prattsville. (NYPA would drop its plans for the project several
years later in light of state regulatory delays and changed
June 1, 1984: The Power Authority announces
the opening of offices in Monticello, Cooperstown, Delhi and Goshen
to coordinate preparations for the planning and construction of the
207-mile Marcy-South transmission line.
June 19, 1984: NYPA’s energy dispatch,
maintenance and training facility at Marcy is designated the
Frederick R. Clark Energy Center in honor of the Power Authority’s
chairman from 1977 to 1979.
November 8, 1984: A two-day conference on
“New York’s Electric Future,” co-sponsored by the Power Authority
and Cornell University, opens in New York City. Speakers include
U.S. Senator Robert Stafford of Vermont, former Energy and Defense
Secretary Dr. James Schlesinger, economist Alfred Kahn and Professor
Lawrence Klein of the University of Pennsylvania, a Nobel laureate.
April 18, 1985: The Power Authority
presents rocks containing 400-million-year-old fossils, remains of
some of North America’s first known land animals, to the American
Museum of Natural History in New York City. The rocks were unearthed
during construction of the Authority’s Blenheim-Gilboa Pumped
Storage Power Project in Schoharie County.
June 28, 1985: Richard M. Flynn is elected
Power Authority chairman, succeeding John S. Dyson. The vote by
Power Authority trustees comes in a meeting at Franklin D.
Roosevelt’s Hyde Park home.
July 1, 1985: The Power Authority begins clearing
the first portion of right-of-way for its Marcy-South transmission
line, starting near the new line’s point of origin in Oneida County.
July 8, 1985: The Power Authority helps celebrate
the 100th anniversary of the Niagara Reservation, the oldest state
park in America, by sponsoring a laser light show over Niagara
July 8, 1985: The Power Authority opens a new
boat-launch ramp at Hinckley Reservoir, north of Utica, where NYPA
is building a 9,000-kilowatt hydroelectric plant as part of a group
of small hydropower projects.
July 21, 1985: Officials from the People’s Republic
of China, including Vice Premier Li Peng, a hydraulic engineer for
more than 30 years and future prime minister, tour the Niagara Power
Project and attend a dinner hosted by NYPA Chairman Richard M.
October 28, 1985: The Power Authority hails
issuance of a U.S. Army Corps of Engineers permit allowing NYPA’s
Marcy-South transmission line to cross navigable waterways along its
November 4, 1985: NYPA announces that a
computer program known as MALMS (Metropolitan Area Load Management
System), developed to more-efficiently track energy use by more than
80 of NYPA’s government customers in New York City and Westchester
County, has won an energy innovation award from the U.S. Department
December 31, 1985: The Power Authority’s
small hydropower plant at Hinckley Dam and Reservoir, in Herkimer
and Oneida counties, produces first power.
June 22, 1986: The Power Authority’s small
hydropower plant at Hinckley Dam and Reservoir, in Herkimer and
Oneida counties, is dedicated and named for Gregory B. Jarvis, a
Mohawk Valley astronaut who had died aboard the Challenger space
shuttle in January. Jarvis, who was 41 at the time of his death,
grew up 20 miles from Hinckley Dam.
October 7, 1986: The Power Authority kicks
off its Watt Busters energy conservation initiative for municipal
electric systems and rural cooperatives in Skaneateles and
Groton.The program offers free home energy audits and installation
of conservation equipment, plus low-interest loans for these
December 29, 1986: NYPA announces that five
of its generating facilities—Niagara, St. Lawrence-FDR, FitzPatrick,
Ashokan and Kensico—have set annual production records, helping the
Power Authority provide New York State with more than 45.5 billion
kilowatt-hours (kwh) of electricity. More than 37 billion kwh were
produced at NYPA projects, with the remainder purchased from other
sources, principally Hydro-Quebec.
January 27, 1987: NYPA announces plans to
apply for state and federal approvals of its proposed 26-mile Sound
Cable Project, extending from Yonkers in Westchester County to
Hempstead in Nassau County, with an underwater crossing of Long
Island Sound. The project is intended to increase electric
reliability on Long Island.
April 23, 1987: Gov. Mario M. Cuomo
signs legislation enabling a wide range of businesses in all parts
of the state to receive power from NYPA’s James A. FitzPatrick
Nuclear Power Plant and officially designating “expansion power”
from the Authority’s Niagara hydroelectric project for businesses in
Western New York.
May 1, 1987: Power Authority Chairman
Richard M. Flynn launches the Power Authority’s Greater Massena
Economic Development Fund by presenting a $1 million contribution
for low-interest loans to businesses relocating to or expanding in
St. Lawrence County.
May 28, 1987: New York State’s three living
former governors—Hugh L. Carey, Malcolm Wilson and Charles Poletti—join
Power Authority Chairman Richard M. Flynn in Astoria, Queens, to
mark the 10th anniversary of the power plant named in honor of
May 29, 1987: The Power Authority announces
that Phillip Bayne will succeed Leroy W. Sinclair as president and
chief operating officer upon Sinclair’s retirement in July.
September 9, 1987: The New York State
Economic Development Power Allocation Board (EDPAB) holds its first
meeting, with Power Authority Chairman Richard M. Flynn as its
chairman. EDPAB was created by 1987 legislation to recommend
business power allocations for Power Authority approval.
December 10, 1987: The Power Authority’s new
icebreaker on the Niagara River is dedicated as the Latham in honor
of the late William H. Latham, a major figure in construction of the
St. Lawrence and Niagara hydroelectric projects. NYPA Trustee
Rolland E. Kidder of Jamestown, presiding at the event, terms
Latham, who died earlier in the year, “an outstanding engineer and a
December 29, 1987: A low-interest loan to
cassette tape manufacturer Michele Audio Corp. of Massena is the
first award made from a new $1 million economic development fund
established by NYPA to spark investment in St. Lawrence County.
Feb. 13, 1988: Former NYPA Chairman James A. FitzPatrick dies at age 71.
Feb. 23, 1988: NYPA trustees approve construction of a fishing pier at the Niagara
March 3, 1988: NYPA announces plans to add a
$1 million fishing pier to its Niagara Power Project. Also proposed
is a boat-launch ramp for the project’s Lewiston Reservoir.
April 13, 1988: The state Public
Service Commission unanimously approves the Power Authority’s
application to build the Sound Cable Project, a 26.3-mile,
345-kilovolt underground and underwater transmission line between
Westchester County and Nassau County, with a submarine crossing of
Long Island Sound.
May 21, 1988: Electricity flows through all
of the Power Authority’s Marcy-South transmission line for the first
time as testing of the 207-mile line’s northernmost section begins.
May 24, 1988: The late Theodore “Ted” Hill
Jr., a former Power Authority vice chairman who once served as a
state assemblyman from northern Westchester County, is honored by
Power Authority trustees, who vote to name a new training facility
at NYPA’s Indian Point 3 Nuclear Power Plant after him.
June 23, 1988: Power Authority trustees
approve a $49 million contract to expand and rehabilitate the
Crescent and Vischer Ferry plants, adding 6,000 kilowatts (kw) to
the 5,600-kw small hydro facilities. The expansions had been
approved as part of NYPA’s federal licenses for the plants in 1984.
June 30, 1988: The Power Authority’s
207-mile Marcy-South transmission line is dedicated in ceremonies at
the Jacob K. Javits Convention Center in New York City. U.S. Senator
Daniel Patrick Moynihan attends the Javits Center festivities while
Lt. Gov. Stanley Lundine participates in a ceremonial start of
service at the New York Power Pool Control Center in Guilderland,
August 11, 1988: Chairman Richard M. Flynn
outlines a plan calling for NYPA to take formal responsibility for
meeting the full electricity requirements of its public customers in
New York City and Westchester County, ensuring reliable supplies of
low-cost energy. NYPA and Con Edison sign an agreement the following
March to implement the program.
August 29, 1988: The Power Authority makes
the first two allocations of Economic Development Power from its
James A. FitzPatrick Nuclear Power Plant. The power is available
under legislation passed the previous year broadening the types of
businesses eligible for FitzPatrick power.
September 27, 1988: Power Authority trustees
ratify an agreement with Con Edison under which NYPA assumes formal
responsibility for meeting the full electrical requirements of
public agencies in New York City and Westchester County. The
agreement is subject to approval by Gov. Mario M. Cuomo.
December 5, 1988: Former Gov. Malcolm Wilson
joins NYPA officials in dedicating a new training center at the
Indian Point 3 Nuclear Power Plant in memory of the late Theodore
Hill Jr. Hill, a lifetime resident of the Town of Yorktown,
Westchester County, who served as a NYPA trustee from 1960 to 1969
and was vice chairman for seven years, died in 1987.
January 24, 1989: NYPA completes the
relocation of the 400 employees in its New York City Office from 10
Columbus Circle to 1633 Broadway.
February 27, 1989: NYPA acknowledges permit approval from the U.S. Army Corps of
Engineers for construction of the Long Island Sound Cable Project.
March 10, 1989: The Power Authority signs an
agreement with Con Edison under which NYPA will assume full
responsibility for meeting the electric needs of government
customers in New York City and most of Westchester County while Con
Edison will deliver the power. At the time, these customers had a
combined peak demand for electricity of about 1,400,000 kilowatts;
today’s figure is 1,950,000 kw.
March 28, 1989: The Power Authority agrees
to underwrite the electricity costs for illuminating the Upper
Niagara River Rapids.
April 12, 1989: NYPA trustees ratify
an agreement under which the Authority will decommission the Long
Island Lighting Company’s Shoreham nuclear plant and provide new
supplies of electricity to Long Island consumers.
April 21, 1989: The Sullivan County Soil
and Water Conservation District selects the Power Authority for its
1988 District Environmental Award, recognizing conservation measures
taken by NYPA during construction of the Marcy-South transmission
May 1, 1989: NYPA announces that a new
fishing pier at its Niagara Power Project is open to the public.
May 8, 1989: The Power Authority announces
it is about to begin construction on the Nassau County portion of
its Sound Cable Project. More than nine miles of the 26.3-mile,
345-kilovolt transmission line will run underground between the
shore of Long Island Sound at Hempstead Harbor to a Long Island
Lighting Company substation in Garden City.
May 15, 1989: The Power Authority announces
it is about to begin construction on the Westchester County portion
of its Sound Cable Project. More than eight miles of the 26.3-mile,
345-kilovolt transmission line will run underground from Con
Edison’s Sprain Brook Substation in Yonkers to the shore of Long
Island Sound in New Rochelle.
October 4, 1989: In the aftermath of
Hurricane Hugo, the Power Authority sends 25 employees to help the
Puerto Rico Electric Power Authority restore electricity to the
island. The team, active for three weeks, includes NYPA specialists
in high-voltage transmission construction and repair.
October 11, 1989: The Power Authority
releases results of a poll it has conducted among state residents
showing that 58 percent of respondents would be willing to pay more
each month to reduce or eliminate power-plant pollution.
November 20, 1989: The Power Authority
releases the results of a statewide survey showing that while 75
percent of respondents say they have heard of the “greenhouse
effect,” only 41 percent connect it with global warming.
November 28, 1989: NYPA trustees approve an
agreement with the Long Island Power Authority (LIPA) concerning
technical and management services NYPA will provide in
decommissioning the Shoreham Nuclear Power Plant, which LIPA had
purchased from the Long Island Lighting Company for $1 earlier that
November 29, 1989: NYPA trustees authorize
Voith Hydro Inc. of York, Pa., to produce a prototype turbine at a
cost of $3.2 million for an upgrade at the Niagara Power Project.
The program, including replacement of all 13 turbines at the
project’s Robert Moses Niagara Power Plant, is scheduled for
completion by the end of 2006.
March 13, 1990: More than 30 employees at
NYPA’s Blenheim-Gilboa Pumped Storage Power Project in Schoharie
County provide emergency assistance to the community of North
Blenheim, rocked by the explosion of a nearby liquid propane
pipeline. NYPA’s assistance includes the use of the helipad at its
power project for a specially-equipped AeroMed helicopter flown in
from a burn center in New York City.
March 20, 1990: Former NYPA Chairman and
Chief Executive Officer Frederick R. Clark dies in Naples, Fla., at
May 10, 1990: The first of two
3,000-kilowatt turbine-generators added by NYPA to Crescent Dam on
the Mohawk River north of Albany begins generating electricity; the
second unit begins operating later that spring. The dam’s two
original generators, installed in 1925 with a capacity of 2,800
kilowatts each, were also being rehabilitated and would return to
service the following year.
May 15, 1990: The Power Authority is one of
20 companies submitting competitive bids to the Long Island Lighting
Company as part of a process mandated by the state Public Service
Commission to help meet the electricity needs of Long Island
June 18, 1990: Gov. Mario M. Cuomo and NYPA
Chairman Richard M. Flynn announce a $5 million loan program to
stimulate the economy of Western New York. The fund today totals
about $8.5 million and has helped to create more than 600 jobs in
July 2, 1990: NYPA Chairman Richard M. Flynn
announces the start of a High Efficiency Lighting Program (HELP) for
the Authority’s governmental customers in New York City and
Westchester County. The program will grow into a series of
statewide energy efficiency initiatives that by 2006 will encompass
nearly 2,400 schools and other public buildings throughout New York.
November 13, 1990: A team of American and
Soviet scientists studying energy and environmental issues meets
with NYPA Chairman Richard M. Flynn in Albany after touring the
Niagara Power Project. In describing NYPA’s efforts to counter
global warming, Flynn warns that free-market development in the
former Soviet Union and growing industrialization in the Third World
could lead to more greenhouse gases being released into the
December 3, 1990: The Giulio Verne, a
cable-laying ship owned by the Pirelli Cable Corp. of Naples, Italy,
begins installing a portion of NYPA’s 345-kilovolt Sound Cable along
the floor of Long Island Sound. The 26.3-mile underground and
underwater transmission line from Westchester County to Long Island
will be completed in 1991.
December 13, 1990: Chairman Richard M. Flynn
announces that NYPA has been selected by the Long Island Lighting
Co. in a competitive bidding process to build a natural-gas-fueled
power plant in Holtsville, Suffolk County. The plant will begin
operation in May 1994 and will be named for Flynn.
February 14, 1991: In recognition of its support for minority- and women-owned
businesses, the Power Authority receives the National Minority
Business Council’s Outstanding Corporate Business Award.
February 26, 1991: The Power Authority’s High Efficiency Lighting Program (HELP) is
expanded to state government facilities throughout New York.
March 19, 1991: John C. Brons is appointed
Power Authority president and chief operating officer.
March 26, 1991: The Power Authority reports
that it has reached a proposed agreement with the Long Island
Lighting Company for NYPA to build and operate a natural gas-fueled
power plant at Holtsville, Long Island, with the output to be sold
to LILCO for 20 years. The agreement remains subject to a public
hearing and approval by NYPA trustees and Gov. Mario M. Cuomo.
March 29, 1991: With strong winds boosting
already high river flows, the St. Lawrence-FDR Power Project sets a
new production record of 986,000 kilowatt-hours between 3-4 p.m. The
previous one-hour record of 977,000 kwh had been set in 1986.
April 30, 1991: The Power Authority
marks its 60th anniversary at Franklin D. Roosevelt’s home in Hyde
Park, with Pulitzer Prize-winning historian Arthur Schlesinger, Jr.
the principal speaker. Former Governors Charles Poletti, Malcolm
Wilson and Hugh L. Carey also participate, along with Lt. Gov. Stan
May 10, 1991: Power Authority trustees
approve a proposed agreement under which NYPA would build a
natural-gas-fueled power plant in Holtsville, Long Island, and
supply its output to the Long Island Lighting Company to help meet
the electricity needs of Long Island consumers. The previous
December, NYPA won LILCO’s competitive bid process mandated by the
state Public Service Commission to identify potential new power
sources for Long Island.
May 30, 1991: Governor Mario M. Cuomo
attends the ceremony at a Garden City, Long Island, substation
marking the start of operation of NYPA’s Sound Cable Project,
completed 18 months ahead of schedule and $46 million under budget.
Joining the governor and NYPA Chairman Richard M. Flynn are
executives of Con Edison, the Long Island Lighting Company and the
Long Island Power Authority.
June 1, 1991: The Power Authority begins
supplying electricity to six Long Island companies following
completion of the Sound Cable Project, dedicated two days earlier.
Economical electricity flowing from NYPA’s FitzPatrick nuclear
plant, near Oswego, will protect 3,000 jobs, including nearly 700
new positions, in Nassau and Suffolk counties.
June 3, 1991: NYPA announces the start of a
15-year upgrade at its Niagara Power Project with disassembly of the
first turbine-generator unit at the Robert Moses Niagara Power
Plant. The program will be completed on schedule in 2006.
June 25, 1991: Power Authority trustees
approve plans for a new $14 million computer system at the Clark
Energy Center, the hub of NYPA’s statewide transmission network.
August 22, 1991: The Niagara project’s Power
Vista welcomes its five millionth visitor since the center opened in
August 27, 1991: The Power Authority and
Hydro-Quebec agree to extend by 11 months the review period for a
contract for NYPA to purchase one million kilowatts from the
Canadian utility. NYPA cancels the contract the following March,
citing changed economic conditions.
September 24, 1991: The powerhouse at the
Power Authority’s Blenheim-Gilboa Pumped Storage Power Project in
Schoharie County is dedicated in honor of George L. Ingalls, the
longest-serving trustee in Authority history. Ingalls, who
retired in 1990, was a board member for 23 years and vice chairman
September 26, 1991: The Power Authority
unveils “Tree Power” for the state’s municipal and rural cooperative
electric systems. The initial effort includes $250,000 in funding,
with NYPA providing one free tree for each sapling bought by its
September 26, 1991: James L. Ford and Ronald
W. Ciamaga are named, respectively, as resident managers at the
Power Authority’s Niagara and St. Lawrence-Franklin D. Roosevelt
power projects. Ford had been resident manager at St.
Lawrence-FDR, while Ciamaga had served as superintendent of
technical services at Niagara.
November 24, 1991: Dr. Story Musgrave, a
mission specialist aboard Space Shuttle Atlantis, takes
400-million-year-old fossils from NYPA’s Blenheim-Gilboa Pumped
Storage Power Project on his 10-day trip into space.
November 26, 1991: The Power Authority sells
25 acres to the City of Niagara Falls for construction of a new
drinking water treatment plant. The sale is part of an effort by
NYPA to return surplus parcels from its Niagara Power Project to the
December 19, 1991: The Electric Power
Research Institute presents NYPA with a national award for
innovative engineering in recognition of the use of a new type of
insulation in the underground portion of the Authority’s Sound Cable
Project from Westchester County to Long Island. The insulation
lowered construction costs for the project and will permit increased
January 9, 1992: NYPA Chairman Richard M.
Flynn joins Long Island Lighting Company officials in announcing
expansion of NYPA’s High Efficiency Lighting Program (HELP) to Long
Island public schools.
February 7, 1992: NYPA’s Charles Poletti Power Project reports a record gas burn for
1991, using natural gas for 92 percent of its electricity
February 27, 1992: NYPA’s High Efficiency Lighting Program (HELP) is expanded to Long
Island public schools.
March 19, 1992: The Power Authority
announces that construction is about to begin on a new
administration building for its James A. FitzPatrick Nuclear Power
Plant in Scriba, near Oswego.
March 27, 1992: The Power Authority
announces it will terminate a contract to purchase one million
kilowatts of electricity from Hydro-Quebec because of economic
March 31, 1992: The final two grants to
communities along the route of NYPA’s Sound Cable transmission
project from Westchester County to Long Island are awarded, bringing
the total amount of NYPA funding for local projects and
organizations to $1,179,775.
May 15, 1992: For the first time, the Power
Authority sponsors alternative-fueled vehicles competing in the
American Tour de Sol. One vehicle is the Sunpacer, a solar-powered
car built by students at Cato-Meridian High School with technical
and financial support from NYPA; the second is a Chevy S-10 pickup
September 17, 1992: Work begins on a
four-year overhaul at NYPA’s Blenheim-Gilboa Pumped Storage Power
Project in Schoharie County. Each of the project’s four
turbine-generators will be successively removed from service and
October 2, 1992: Former Power Authority
General Manager William S. Chapin dies at 88 in East Patchogue, Long
Island. Chapin, who headed the NYPA staff for 17 years, played key
roles in construction of the St. Lawrence and Niagara hydroelectric
projects and in the Authority’s subsequent growth.
November 5, 1992: Mayor David N. Dinkins
announces that New York City will lease 31 acres of city-owned land
in College Point Corporate Park in Queens to The New York Times for
a new printing and distribution facility. A promised allocation of
low-cost NYPA power played a key role in keeping the paper from
relocating these functions to New Jersey.
November 30, 1992: Gov. Mario M. Cuomo
announces that the villages of Arcade and Penn Yan are the first two
communities to receive power under NYPA’s economic development power
program for municipal electric systems.
December 9, 1992: Chairman Richard M. Flynn
accepts a plaque from the U.S. Department of Energy recognizing
NYPA’s High Efficiency Lighting Program for public facilities.
January 7, 1993: The turbine and generator
for NYPA’s power plant under construction at Holtsville, Long
Island, are unloaded from a barge at Port Jefferson.
February 23, 1993: NYPA’s High Efficiency Lighting Program (HELP) is expanded to public
schools and community colleges throughout New York State.
April 5, 1993: High water levels in
Lake Erie help the Power Authority’s Niagara Power Project set a new
generation record, producing an average of 2,831 megawatts
throughout a one hour period. The previous record of 2,792 megawatts
was set on June 1, 1992.
August 2, 1993: NYPA’s High Efficiency
Lighting Program (HELP) is designated “a model of environmental
excellence” by the National Environmental Awards Council and is
included in the Council’s Environmental Success Index.
August 31, 1993: Chairman Richard M. Flynn
dedicates the Administration and Support Building at NYPA’s James A.
FitzPatrick Nuclear Power Plant in Scriba. The new facility
consolidates workers previously dispersed among several buildings
and trailers around the site.
November 20, 1993: Richard M. Flynn
announces his resignation as Power Authority chairman and chief
executive officer after nearly 8½ years in that position and 18 as a
January 25, 1994: Power Authority trustees
vote to name NYPA’s soon-to-be-completed Holtsville power plant on
Long Island for Chairman and Chief Executive Officer Richard M.
Flynn, whose resignation after more than 8 ½ years in the post will
take effect the following week. The trustees cite Flynn’s “many
contributions,” including his efforts to help establish a
competitive electric utility industry.
March 2, 1994: Asa George, former general
manager and chief engineer, who played a key role in construction of
the Power Authority’s first four generating facilities—St.
Lawrence-FDR, Niagara, Blenheim-Gilboa and the FitzPatrick nuclear
plant—dies in Ithaca at 79.
April 18, 1994: William J. Cahill Jr.,
a 40-year veteran of the nuclear power industry, is appointed to
head NYPA’s nuclear group.
April 26, 1994: The Power Authority
doubles its funding for the public school and community college
segment of its High Efficiency Lighting Program (HELP), from $45
million to $90 million.
May 6, 1994: The Power Authority’s Richard
M. Flynn Power Plant in Holtsville, Long Island, produces its first
May 24, 1994: The Power Authority announces
a program to buy old refrigerators from residential customers of the
state’s municipal and rural cooperative electric systems. Each
customer who turns in an old, inefficient refrigerator will receive
$50 plus a new high-efficiency light bulb from the Authority.
June 4, 1994: NYPA’s Richard M. Flynn Power
Plant in Holtsville, Long Island, begins full-power operation. The
plant had begun limited commercial operation, on schedule, the month
July 26, 1994: Former Syracuse Mayor Thomas M.
Young is elected chairman of the Power Authority.
August 30, 1994: The Power Authority’s new
combined-cycle power plant in Holtsville, Long Island, is named for
former Chairman Richard M. Flynn. The 135,000-kilowatt plant had
begun commercial operation in May 1994.
December 14, 1994: President and Chief
Executive Officer S. David Freeman and Long Island officials
announce extension of NYPA’s High Efficiency Lighting Program (HELP)
to county and local governments on the Island. The announcement
marks the start of a program to offer HELP to public facilities
throughout the state.
January 17, 1995: The Power Authority’s
High Efficiency Lighting Project (HELP) receives the DSM Achievement
Award from the Association of Demand Side Management Professionals.
February 7, 1995: Westchester County signs a long-term contract extension to continue
purchases of Power Authority electricity, which began in 1976. This
is the first such agreement reached between NYPA and its New York
City and Westchester County governmental customers.
February 28, 1995: NYPA trustees approve a major program to install energy-efficient
refrigerators in all of the New York City Housing Authority’s more
than 180,000 apartments. The program was completed in 2004, with
savings to the Housing Authority of about $8 million a year.
March 28, 1995: New York City, NYPA’s
largest governmental customer, signs a 10-year contract extension to
continue purchases of Power Authority electricity, which began in
May 23, 1995: The Power Authority is honored
by the New York State Nursery/Landscape Association for its Tree
Power Program, under which NYPA has provided trees to municipal and
rural cooperative electric systems on a one-to-one matching basis.
May 24, 1995: Power Authority President and
Chief Executive Officer S. David Freeman becomes the first electric
utility executive to be honored as an Environmental Action Coalition
“Green Star.” The group notes that Freeman has doubled NYPA’s
financial commitment to energy conservation programs while also
emphasizing electric transportation.
June 20, 1995: The Power Authority and the
New York City Housing Authority announce a multi-year program in
which NYPA will provide new energy efficient refrigerators for
Housing Authority apartments. At the program’s conclusion in March
2005, new refrigerators have been installed in all of the Housing
Authority’s nearly 185,000 units, with annual savings of about $7.7
July 25, 1995: C. D. “Rapp” Rappleyea, a longtime
assemblyman and Assembly minority leader, is elected Power Authority
chairman and chief executive officer.
October 16, 1995: The Power Authority
announces it has begun a $1 million improvement program for
recreational facilities within the boundary of its St.
Lawrence-Franklin D. Roosevelt Power Project in Massena. The effort
is a preview of a $19 million recreational improvement plan NYPA
will undertake as part of the hydro project’s new federal license,
issued in 2003.
October 31, 1995: Power Authority trustees
approve spending $2.7 million for the first phase of a refrigerator
replacement program for one of NYPA’s largest customers, the New
York City Housing Authority. The eight-year effort will ultimately
replace 180,000 inefficient refrigerators with compact energy-saving
units at a total investment of $72 million.
November 20, 1995: The Power Authority,
Metro-North Railroad and IBM introduce an electric station car
program. A group of commuters traveling from New York City to IBM’s
Hawthorne and Yorktown Heights facilities will carpool from the
North White Plains station using electric vehicles parked at
charging stations there, completing an all-electric trip to work.
March 25, 1996: The Power Authority
announces an unprecedented accord with federal and state regulators
on a cooperative environmental review process for the relicensing of
NYPA’s St. Lawrence-FDR Power Project.
May 22, 1996: Scott B. Lilly, a NYPA
attorney for 32 years and the Authority’s general counsel from
1971 to 1976, dies in Brooklyn at 74. Lilly’s career at the
Authority spanned the period from construction of the St.
Lawrence and Niagara hydroelectric projects through NYPA’s
growth into a statewide utility.
July 9, 1996: The Power Authority unveils a
300-kilowatt rooftop solar electric system—one of the largest in the
world and the largest in the Northeast—that it has installed at New
York City Transit’s Gun Hill Bus Depot in the Bronx.
July 30, 1996: Power Authority trustees approve $82
million for energy efficiency programs being offered to NYPA’s
governmental customers in New York City and Westchester County that
have signed new long-term power supply agreements.
September 16, 1996: The Power Authority and
the New York City Board of Education roll out the Northeast’s first
electric-powered school bus for a 12-month pilot program in the
Bronx. The effort is co-funded by NYPA and the city’s Department of
October 7, 1996: NYPA announces plans to
install its first fuel cell power plant, at Westchester County’s
wastewater treatment plant in Yonkers, aided by an $800,000 grant
from the U.S. Departments of Energy and Defense.
November 6, 1996: In its first venture onto
the World Wide Web, the Power Authority unveils an Internet site
focusing specifically on the relicensing process that has recently
begun for its St. Lawrence-Franklin D. Roosevelt Power Project. The
website includes information on power project operations,
recreational facilities developed by NYPA and participants involved
in the relicensing.
January 28, 1997: Power Authority trustees
vote to support establishment of a New York Independent System
Operator to administer the state’s transmission system and power
February 25, 1997: Former Governor Charles Poletti helps the Power Authority celebrate
the 20th anniversary of the power project named in his
honor in the New York City borough of Queens.
April 29, 1997: A milestone is reached
in the relicensing of NYPA’s St. Lawrence-FDR Power Project with
release by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission and the state’s
Department of Environmental Conservation of Scoping Document 1 for
public review and comment. The document, prepared by participants in
a Cooperative Consultation Process intended to encourage public
involvement, identifies issues to be addressed as part of the
June 27, 1997: NYPA announces the launch of
its World Wide Web Internet site, at
www.nypa.gov. A smaller website, focused on the relicensing of
NYPA’s St. Lawrence-FDR Power Project, had been initiated a year
September 11, 1997: Eugene W. Zeltmann,
deputy chairman of the state Public Service Commission, is named the
Power Authority’s president and chief operating officer.
September 15, 1997: Gov. George E. Pataki
announces the start of his Power for Jobs program, originally
conceived as a three-year initiative under which NYPA would provide
400,000 kilowatts of low-cost electricity to businesses creating or
maintaining jobs in New York State. By 2006, the program was helping
to protect more than 300,000 jobs.
December 16, 1997: NYPA approves proposed
agreements with the state’s seven investor-owned utilities for the
delivery of low-cost electricity supplied by the Authority under the
new Power for Jobs program. The agreements are subject to approval
by Gov. George E. Pataki.
January 4, 1998: A severe winter storm
begins dumping snow and freezing rain on Northern New York,
disrupting power supplies by causing widespread damage to
transmission and distribution lines. For about a week, NYPA’s St.
Lawrence-FDR Power Project in Massena will be the only source of
electricity for most of the affected area.
January 15, 1998: NYPA’s James A.
FitzPatrick Nuclear Power Plant on Lake Ontario near Oswego reaches
the 100 billion kilowatt-hour milestone for lifetime generation.
January 27, 1998: Gov. George E. Pataki
announces that allocations of economical electricity to 32 companies
under the new “Power for Jobs” program will help to create or
protect nearly 21,600 jobs in various parts of the state.
April 15, 1998: The Power Authority
completes a $2.6 billion debt restructuring program begun the
previous December, in which all of its outstanding bonds are
refunded at lower interest rates. As of 2006, the program is on
course to save more than $700 million in debt-service costs through
April 20, 1998: The Niagara Power
Project receives a “Community Conservation Award” from the Niagara
County Federation of Conservation Clubs for developing a spirit of
outdoor awareness through its cosponsorship, with the Federation, of
an annual Wildlife Festival.
April 28, 1998: Gov. George E. Pataki
announces that more than 100,000 jobs have been protected and 3,723
new jobs have been created thus far in New York State under the
Power for Jobs program, administered by NYPA. The program was
established by legislation that the governor signed in July 1997,
with the first allocations following in December of that year.
August 13, 1998: Gov. George E. Pataki hails
two programs that will ultimately lead to replacement of
coal-burning furnaces with clean gas- or oil-fired boilers at 86
public schools in New York City and Buffalo and on Long Island.
Twelve schools receive new equipment through a pilot program
supported by NYPA and the Petroleum Overcharge Restitution Fund; the
others will be covered by the governor’s Clean Water/Clean Air Bond
Act of 1996.
August 25, 1998: The Power Authority agrees
to provide $5 million for a new observation tower at Prospect Point
in Niagara Reservation State Park. Park officials later decide to
fund a major renovation of the existing tower rather than replace
August 25, 1998: NYPA trustees approve a
plan to transfer the administration and control of the Niagara
Economic Development Fund and the Greater Massena Economic
Development Fund—two loan programs established by the Power
Authority—from the state Job Development Authority to the local
county Industrial Development Agencies.
September 2, 1998: The Power Authority
announces that a new study by the Natural Resources Defense Council
and Public Service Electric and Gas Co. of New Jersey ranks NYPA
among the environmentally cleanest of the 100 largest electric
utilities in the United States.
September 28, 1998: Power Authority trustees
approve a $35 million investment for the world’s most advanced
transmission control device, a convertible static compensator, to be
installed at NYPA’s Clark Energy Center in Marcy, near Utica. The
project will be completed in June 2004, with eventual expenditures
of $41 million by NYPA and $13 million by others in the electricity
October 27, 1998: Gov. George E. Pataki
announces that 81 businesses in New York State have agreed to
extended power supply contracts with NYPA at reduced rates, helping
to protect nearly 90,000 jobs.
November 5, 1998: The Power Authority
announces that U.S. Environmental Protection Agency tests have
confirmed that only negligible emissions are resulting from
operation of a 200-kilowatt fuel cell installed by NYPA at the
Westchester County Wastewater Treatment Plant in Yonkers. The fuel
cell is one of the first in the world to run on the gas produced in
December 15, 1998: Power Authority trustees
approve conveyance of 56 acres on Wilson Hill to the Town of
Louisville for a residential subdivision, representing the first
action in what will become a program to return land at the St.
Lawrence-Franklin D. Roosevelt project to local municipalities and
March 11, 1999: NYPA Chairman and Chief
Executive Officer C.D. “Rapp” Rappleyea is elected to the Board of
Directors of the Electric Vehicle Association of the Americas.
March 25, 1999: Mayor Jose Aponte of
Carolina, Puerto Rico, known as the industrial capital of the island
commonwealth, visits NYPA’s fuel cell at the Westchester County
Wastewater Treatment Plant in Yonkers.
April 2, 1999: Wilbur L. Gronberg, a
key figure in the early days of the Power Authority’s St. Lawrence
project and the facility’s resident manager from 1969 to 1973, dies
in Littleton, Colo., at 74.
April 8, 1999: Gov. George E. Pataki
hails the arrival of three natural gas-fueled boilers at Buffalo’s
Early Childhood Center (PS 61) as part of a Clean Air for Schools
Program, administered by NYPA, that replaces old, polluting coal
furnaces with clean boilers fueled by gas or oil.
April 8, 1999: The Power Authority
announces a major energy efficiency project at the Dulles State
Office Building in Watertown. The work will include improvements to
the building’s heating, air-conditioning and lighting systems.
April 20, 1999: The Power Authority
dedicates a 200-kilowatt natural gas-powered fuel cell that it
installed at the New York City Police Department’s Central Park
police station. The fuel cell, which will produce virtually
emission-free electricity, is independent of the power grid; as a
result, the police station will be one of the few New York City
locations where the lights stay on during the blackout of August
May 13, 1999: Lt. Gov. Mary O. Donohue joins
NYPA Chairman C. D. “Rapp” Rappleyea and international energy
industry officials at a groundbreaking ceremony for the Convertible
Static Compensator, the world’s most sophisticated transmission
control device, planned for NYPA’s Clark Energy Center in Marcy.
June 4, 1999: The Power Authority issues a
report to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency reflecting NYPA’s
ranking as one of the cleanest electric utilities in the nation,
based on emissions monitored by the federal government.
July 6, 1999: Power Authority trustees approve an
additional $200 million in funding for energy efficiency projects.
Of that amount, $150 million will be allocated to government
customers using NYPA electricity and $50 million will be spent on
public facilities served by other electric utilities.
August 30, 1999: Two huge transformers
arrive by barge as a first step in the Life Extension and
Modernization program planned for NYPA’s first generating facility,
the St. Lawrence-Franklin D. Roosevelt Power Project.
September 9, 1999: The Power Authority
successfully completes a full-scale practice drill that tests its
digital and communications systems and procedures in preparation for
transition into the Year 2000. More than 200 staff members
participate in the 9/9/99 drill, which begins at 6 p.m. that evening
and ends at 3 a.m. the following morning.
September 21, 1999: A Thomas Hart Benton
mural of Father Louis Hennepin’s arrival at Niagara Falls goes on
display at the New York State Museum in Albany. The mural, long a
popular fixture at the Power Authority’s Niagara Project Visitors
Center, is on loan to the museum while the center undergoes
October 21, 1999: The Power Authority’s
Indian Point 3 Nuclear Power Plant resumes production of electricity
following a 40-day refueling and maintenance outage, the shortest to
that point in the plant’s history.
November 2, 1999: The Power Authority and
Entergy Corp. of New Orleans announce they are entering into
exclusive negotiations for the potential sale of NYPA’s Indian Point
3 and James A. FitzPatrick nuclear power plants to Entergy.
December 1, 1999: NYPA Chairman C.D. “Rapp”
Rappleyea signs an agreement formally transferring responsibility
for coordinating power flows in New York from the state’s Power Pool
to a new Independent System Operator. Rappleyea participates in
ceremonies in the Town of Guilderland, near Albany, as chairman of
the Pool’s Executive Committee.
January 5, 2000: NYPA Chairman and Chief
Executive Officer C.D. “Rapp” Rappleyea urges approval of Gov.
George E. Pataki’s proposed legislation to extend the “Power for
Jobs” program, under which businesses and non-profit organizations
receive low-cost electricity in return for commitments to create or
protect jobs. Rappleyea notes that pending applications far exceed
the 50,000 kilowatts that remain available for allocation in 2000.
February 14, 2000: The Power Authority and Entergy reach an agreement in principle on
the sale of NYPA’s two nuclear power plants to the New Orleans-based
March 23, 2000: The Niagara Falls Area
Chamber of Commerce honors NYPA for its 19 years of support for “A
Festival of Lights,” a local holiday light display begun in 1981.
March 28, 2000: NYPA trustees approve the
sale of the Indian Point 3 and James A FitzPatrick nuclear plants to
Entergy Corp. of New Orleans for $967 million, a record for the U.S.
August 29, 2000: Power Authority trustees
approve the purchase of up to 11 small gas-turbine generators to
avert threatened power shortages in the New York City area in the
summer of 2001. The Authority completes installation of the units
within about 10 months, helping to keep the lights on in the face of
record demand for electricity.
September 14, 2000: The Electric Vehicle
Association of the Americas welcomes NYPA into its “Million Mile
Club” as the first electric utility in the Northeast to log one
million miles with electric-drive vehicles it has placed in service.
At the time, NYPA had helped put into operation 179 vehicles, which
had traveled a total of 1,066,938 miles.
September 25, 2000: NYPA’s Blenheim-Gilboa
Visitors Center welcomes its one-millionth guest since opening on
July 31, 1974. The honoree is a woman from nearby Greene County,
accompanied by friends visiting the U.S. from Scotland.
November 14, 2000: The Power Authority’s
James A. FitzPatrick Nuclear Power Plant resumes operation after a
38-day shutdown for refueling and maintenance, its shortest to that
point. The plant’s sale to Entergy Corp. of New Orleans will be
completed one week later.
November 21, 2000: NYPA and Entergy Corp. of
New Orleans conclude the sale of the Authority’s Indian Point 3 and
James A. FitzPatrick nuclear power plants to Entergy for $967
million, then a record for the U.S. nuclear power industry. The last
of the documents are signed at 11:38 a.m., with the sale taking
effect at noon.
November 22, 2000: NYPA announces it has
selected five sites—in Brooklyn, the Bronx and Queens—for small,
clean power plants it will build to meet rapidly increasing
electricity needs in New York City. The Authority says it is
considering a site on Staten Island and that it plans to install an
additional plant in Brentwood, L.I.
November 29, 2000: Timothy S. Carey of
Montrose is confirmed by the State Senate as a Power Authority
trustee, succeeding Hyman M. Miller of Fayetteville, who resigned
after more than 10 years of service. Gov. George E. Pataki had
named Carey, the president and chief executive officer of the Hugh
L. Carey Battery Park City Authority, to the NYPA post.
December 18, 2000: Following a successful
demonstration project sponsored by NYPA, the Metropolitan
Transportation Authority in New York City announces it will buy 200
hybrid-electric transit buses from Orion Bus Industries in Oriskany,
Oneida County. The $77 million order is the largest of its kind in
December 26, 2000: North Central Bronx
Hospital becomes one of the first medical facilities in the United
States to generate electricity from a fuel cell power plant. The new
200-kilowatt installation is the third in a series of fuel cells
installed by NYPA.
January 30, 2001: NYPA trustees name the
Authority’s White Plains office building in honor of outgoing
Chairman and Chief Executive Officer C.D. “Rapp” Rappleyea. The
trustees recognize Rappleyea’s leadership of NYPA during his 5-l/2
years in office, as well as his service of more than two decades in
the State Assembly.
March 13, 2001: Joseph J. Seymour is elected
the Power Authority’s chairman and chief executive officer.
March 14, 2001: Exemplifying the Power
Authority’s commitment to worker safety, NYPA announces a milestone
reached at its Clark Energy Center in Marcy: two years without a
recordable personal-injury accident. The previous record at Clark
was one year, set more than a decade earlier.
April 2, 2001: The Power Authority notifies
the New York Independent System Operator that Phase One of the
Convertible Static Compensator, the world’s most sophisticated
transmission control device, is ready for operation at NYPA’s Clark
Energy Center in Marcy. The device will increase power flows on New
York’s statewide system by nearly 200 megawatts.
April 11, 2001: George L. Ingalls, the
longest-serving Power Authority trustee (1967 to 1990), dies in
Binghamton at 86. Ingalls was the Authority’s vice chairman from
1973 to 1990.
May 2, 2001: The first new turbine for the
St. Lawrence-FDR project’s Life Extension and Modernization arrives
at the project. The 15-year LEM began with engineering and design
work in 1998 and is scheduled for completion in 2013 at a cost of
May 23, 2001: Gov. George E. Pataki announces that NYPA will return some 800 acres of land acquired during construction of the St. Lawrence-FDR Power Project to local governments in St. Lawrence County. NYPA trustees approve the land transfers on July 24, 2001.
July 23, 2001: The visitors center at NYPA’s first
generating facility, the St. Lawrence-Franklin D. Roosevelt Power
Project, welcomes its 5 millionth guest since opening in 1958.
August 28, 2001: The Niagara Power Project
Visitors Center—the Power Vista—reopens to the public following a
three-year, $2.3 million renovation.
September 11, 2001: Following terrorist
attacks at the World Trade Center, transmission of electricity into
New York City is ordered cut back as a security precaution. NYPA’s
small, clean power plants installed in four boroughs only months
earlier help meet the city’s electrical needs.
October 4, 2001: The Power Authority
receives R&D Magazine’s 2001 R&D 100 award for its work in
developing and testing HydroTracTM, a pioneering device for
detecting equipment problems in hydroelectric generators.
October 17, 2001: The Power Authority
unveils its Clean Commute Program at Grand Central Terminal in New
York City. Partnering with the Ford Motor Co. in the largest
electric station-car program in North America, NYPA will lease 100
TH!NK electric vehicles for three years to Metro-North and Long
Island Rail Road commuters.
October 31, 2001: The Power Authority
hand-delivers its application for a new license to operate its first
hydroelectric facility, the St. Lawrence-Franklin D. Roosevelt Power
Project, to the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission in Washington.
The Commission issues a 50-year license to NYPA on October 22, 2003.
November 19, 2001: The New York/New Jersey
Minority Purchasing Council names the Power Authority as a recipient
of its prestigious Chairpersons of the Year award for 2001 for
NYPA’s service in furthering the cause of minority business
December 4, 2001: The Power Authority
unveils plans for a $23 million emission-offset program in the four
New York City boroughs where its small, clean power plants are being
built. Program highlights will include installation of fuel cells at
eight wastewater treatment plants and of pollution-control devices
on more than 1,400 public school buses.
March 13, 2002: Acting Power Authority
Chairman Louis Ciminelli announces a $3.5 million energy efficiency
project for NYPA’s White Plains office building that will cut the
building’s energy use by more than 50 percent.
April 6, 2002: The first new
turbine-generator unit installed as part of a 15-year Life Extension
and Modernization program at NYPA’s St. Lawrence-FDR Power Project
begins daily service.
April 30, 2002: Louis P. Ciminelli is
elected chairman of the Power Authority. He succeeds Joseph J.
Seymour, who, in the aftermath of the September 11, 2001, terrorist
attacks, became executive director of the Port Authority of New York
and New Jersey while continuing to serve as a NYPA trustee.
May 8, 2002: The Power Authority begins its
policy of donating gently used computers to schools and other
educational institutions with an initial delivery of 30 personal
computers to the Niagara Falls School District.
May 22, 2002: Governor George E. Pataki
presents $4 million to municipalities and school districts in St.
Lawrence County as the first payments from a Community Enhancement
Fund established by the Power Authority. The fund is one element of
a settlement agreement between local governments and the Power
Authority related to the relicensing of NYPA's St. Lawrence-FDR
May 24, 2002: In response to heightened
security concerns following the September 11, 2001, attacks, NYPA
announces plans to relocate its St. Lawrence-FDR Power Project
visitors center to nearby Hawkins Point. NYPA’s original visitors
center, located inside the project’s power dam, will remain closed
except to school groups until the new facility opens in July 2005.
August 2, 2002: The Power Authority formally notifies the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission that it intends to use an alternative, more collaborative, approach in seeking a new license to continue operating its Niagara Power Project, whose original license will expire August 31, 2007.
August 8, 2002: Charles Poletti, the only
person to serve both as a New York State governor and a Power
Authority trustee, dies at age 99 at his home in Marco Island, Fla.
August 19, 2002: Gov. George E. Pataki
announces that all 80,000 kilowatts of low-cost NYPA electricity
previously supplied to the World Trade Center have been reallocated
to Lower Manhattan businesses displaced as a result of the September 11
terrorist attacks. About 60 firms, employing more than 40,000
workers, are helped by the program.
September 5, 2002: Gov. George E. Pataki announces an agreement between state and local officials, with input from community and environmental groups, under which the Power Authority would close its Charles Poletti Power Project in Queens no later than 2010, if power-supply conditions in New York City permitted.
October 7, 2002: The Power Authority
receives two awards from the Peak Load Management Alliance
recognizing NYPA’s efforts to reduce demand for electricity during
peak use periods.
November 6, 2002: The Power Authority breaks
ground for a 500-megawatt combined-cycle power plant at the site of
its Charles Poletti Power Project in Queens. The new facility will
begin commercial operation at the end of 2005 as one of the cleanest
and most efficient power plants in New York City’s history.
February 13, 2003: A major component in the relicensing of NYPA’s St. Lawrence-FDR
Power Project – a comprehensive settlement package for North Country
communities, federal and state regulatory agencies and other
participants in the relicensing process – is filed with federal
May 20, 2003: The Power Authority
establishes a $1.2 million fund to help municipal and rural
cooperative electric systems buy electric and hybrid-electric
vehicles for their fleets. The program will be conducted in
cooperation with the state Municipal Electric Utilities Association.
June 24, 2003: Governor George E. Pataki
announces completion of improvements to Niagara Falls State Park,
funded in part by the Power Authority, including renovations to the
Niagara Reservation Observation Tower and development of a new
Niagara Gorge Discovery Center.
July 8, 2003: NYPA joins DaimlerChrysler in
announcing a major initiative to place 300 neighborhood electric
vehicles in service at more than 40 locations around New York State.
July 15, 2003: The Power Authority joins
environmental and governmental groups in announcing that $2 million
in NYPA funding is available for local initiatives to reduce air
pollution and save energy in the New York City Borough of Queens
under the Queens Clean Air Project.
August 14, 2003: The Power Authority’s
Niagara and St. Lawrence-Franklin D. Roosevelt hydroelectric
projects are the only major power plants in New York State that
continue to operate when a major blackout hits New York, seven other
states and Ontario. For a time, the hydro projects and the
Authority’s 765-kilovolt transmission line from Quebec are supplying
about 60 percent of the electricity still available in New York.
October 22, 2003: The Federal Energy
Regulatory Commission approves a new 50-year license for the Power
Authority to operate its first generating facility, the St.
Lawrence-Franklin D. Roosevelt hydroelectric project in Massena. The
action comes more than a week before the original license is due to
November 6, 2003: A report by environmental
consultants M. J. Bradley & Associates of Concord, Mass., finds that
NYPA’s six small, clean power plants are the cleanest power sources
in New York City, and that the units’ pending air-quality permits
will be among the strictest in the nation for similar facilities.
June 29, 2004: Lt. Gov. Mary O. Donohue joins Power Authority officials and local dignitaries in celebrating completion of the convertible static compensator (CSC), the world’s most sophisticated transmission control device, at NYPA’s Clark Energy Center in Marcy. The CSC is used for the first time, to redirect power from one transmission line to another, on September 1, 2004.
September 2, 2004: The Power Authority
announces that it will join the New York State Energy Research and
Development Authority in making $1.5 million available to fund
hydrogen technology demonstration projects.
September 13, 2004: The U.S. Environmental
Protection Agency recognizes the Power Authority as one of 13
organizations participating in the agency’s Pesticide Environmental
Stewardship Program, which encourages pollution prevention and
pesticide risk reduction.
September 21, 2004: NYPA Chairman Louis P.
Ciminelli joins other state and local officials as Gov. George E.
Pataki signs legislation creating the Niagara River Greenway
Commission. The Power Authority’s financial support of the greenway
will become a key element in the relicensing of its Niagara Power
October 6, 2004: The wildlife management
program NYPA administers at its Blenheim-Gilboa Pumped Storage Power
Project with SUNY Cobleskill is recognized by the Wildlife Habitat
Council. The organization cites a bluebird nest box monitoring
effort that is helping to restore populations of New York’s state
November 24, 2004: Gov. George E. Pataki
announces a landmark agreement under which the Power Authority will
join Niagara Mohawk Power Corp. and the villages of Lake Placid and
Tupper Lake in a multi-faceted program to resolve power-service
problems in the Tri-Lakes region of the Adirondacks. Highlights
include construction of a 46-kilovolt transmission line and efforts
to expand energy efficiency programs and promote use of clean energy
technologies in the villages.
January 13, 2005: NYPA announces a
four-year, $135-million life extension and modernization program at
its Blenheim-Gilboa Pumped Storage Power Project in Schoharie
County. The program is scheduled to begin in September 2006 and
continue through May 2010.
February 16, 2005: NYPA provides $20,000 to SUNY Cobleskill for an expanded aquaculture
program that will assist in fish-restocking efforts in the upper and
lower reservoirs of the Authority’s Blenheim-Gilboa Power Project.
July 15, 2005: The Power Authority opens the doors
of its new $5 million St. Lawrence-Franklin D. Roosevelt Power
Project visitors center at Hawkins Point.
July 26, 2005: Joseph J. Seymour is elected Power
Authority chairman for the second time, returning to the position
he’d previously held from March 2001 to January 2002.
July 26, 2005: Gov. George E. Pataki signs sweeping
economic development legislation that, among other provisions,
ensures the continued availability of low-cost “replacement power”
from the Power Authority’s Niagara project to Western New York
industries and creates a block of “preservation power” from NYPA’s
St. Lawrence-Franklin D. Roosevelt project that will remain in
Northern New York even if relinquished by the project’s current
August 18, 2005: The Power Authority applies
for a new 50-year federal license to operate the Niagara Power
Project; the original license will expire on August 31, 2007.
September 2, 2005: The Power Authority
awards a $1.65 million contract to B-S Industrial Contracting, Inc.,
of Gouverneur for construction of an eel ladder at NYPA’s St.
Lawrence-Franklin D. Roosevelt Power Project. The installation is
part of a $66 million program of enhancements for fish and wildlife
to be carried out in connection with the relicensing of NYPA’s
September 23, 2005: The Power Authority
announces the appointment of Timothy S. Carey, until recently the
president and chief executive officer of the Battery Park City
Authority, as its chief operating officer. Carey, who had served as
a NYPA trustee for nearly five years, will be named president and
chief executive officer in early 2006.
October 23, 2005: Former NYPA President and
Chief Operating Officer George T. Berry dies at 81 in Ancramdale,
N.Y. Berry’s 21-year Authority career included nine years in the top
staff position, a period in which NYPA completed several major
generation and transmission projects.
October 31, 2005: The New York State
Hydrogen Energy Roadmap is released, providing a survey of resources
and a strategy for developing a hydrogen-based fuel economy for the
state. The document was commissioned by NYPA, the Long Island Power
Authority and the New York State Energy Research and Development
November 10, 2005: Timothy S. Carey, then
NYPA’s chief operating officer, is honored at the U.S. Green
Building Council’s annual conference for his contribution to
sustainable design and green building construction guidelines. As
president and chief executive officer of the Hugh L. Carey Battery
Park City Authority, Carey had led construction of The Solaire, the
nation’s first sustainable residential high-rise building.
December 6, 2005: Gov. George E. Pataki
announces that NYPA, the City of Buffalo and Erie County have
reached an agreement in principle for the city and county to support
NYPA’s application for a new Niagara project license. Highlights
include NYPA payments throughout the license term for revitalization
of the Buffalo waterfront and development of the Erie County portion
of a Niagara River Greenway.
December 20, 2005: The Power Authority makes
initial payments totaling $8 million to local governments and school
districts as part of agreements concerning relicensing of the
Niagara Power Project. The entities will receive annual payments and
allocations of low-cost power from the project after issuance of a
new federal license.
December 31, 2005: NYPA begins commercial operation of a
500-megawatt combined-cycle power plant at the site of its Poletti
project in Astoria, Queens. The new plant, fueled mainly by natural
gas, is one of the cleanest and most efficient in New York City
January 31, 2006:
Timothy S. Carey, who had served as NYPA’s chief operating officer
since September 2005, is elected president and chief executive
officer of the Power Authority.
April 28, 2006:
Frank S. McCullough, Jr., is elected chairman of the Power
May 1, 2006:
NYPA begins installation of an innovative battery energy storage
system for the Metropolitan Transportation Authority’s Long Island
September 25, 2006:
The Power Authority announces that its total investment in
energy-efficiency and other clean energy initiatives since the 1980s
has surpassed $1 billion. Projects completed or under way will save
the equivalent of 1.8 million barrels of oil each year.
September 25, 2006:
A four-year Life Extension and Modernization program begins at
NYPA’s Blenheim-Gilboa Pumped Storage Power Project.
October 25, 2006:
NYPA completes a two-day test blending a biofuel from soybean oil
with conventional fuel oil to generate electricity at its Charles
Poletti Power Project.
December 8, 2006:
The Power Authority announces agreements with two wind power
companies to buy 72 megawatts to serve its large governmental
customers in New York City and Westchester County.
December 20, 2006:
The U.S. Green Building Council announces that NYPA’s White Plains
office building has earned a “Gold-Existing Building” award as part
of the Council’s Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED)
February 21, 2007:
The Power Authority joins the Electric Power Research Institute and
35 other utilities to identify “smart grid” technologies for reduced
March 15, 2007:
A new 50-year federal license is approved for NYPA’s Niagara Power
Project, five months before the previous license is due to expire.
The new license takes effect on September 1.
April 11, 2007:
The Power Authority transfers nearly 100 acres of land to the Town
of Waddington as part of a relicensing settlement with communities
near NYPA’s St. Lawrence-Franklin D. Roosevelt Power Project. Almost
600 acres have been targeted for conveyance to local municipalities
and adjacent property owners.
May 29, 2007: Roger B. Kelley is elected by NYPA trustees as president and chief executive officer of the Power Authority.
October 29, 2007: Gil Quiniones joins the Power Authority as executive vice president, Energy Marketing and Corporate Affairs. He assumes the responsibilities of acting chief operating officer on August 1, 2008, and is elected COO by NYPA trustees on September 23, 2008. On July 26, 2011, NYPA trustees elect Quiniones to serve as acting president and chief executive officer effective September 6, 2011; following a recommendation by Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo and confirmation by the State Senate, he officially becomes NYPA president and CEO on January 9, 2012.
December 21, 2007: An agreement in principle is announced for NYPA to continue supplying low-cost hydropower to Alcoa’s Massena facilities through at least 2043 in return for the company’s maintaining a minimum of 900 jobs.
April 29, 2008: NYPA trustees authorize the selection of Astoria Energy LLC to build a natural gas-fueled plant in Queens to provide 500 megawatts for the Power Authority’s governmental customers in New York City. The new power will replace some of the output lost with the closing of NYPA’s Charles Poletti Power Project scheduled for January 2010.
June 3, 2008: NYPA announces that the maintenance center at its Massena Substation has been named for Roger B. Clough, longtime transmission lineman and leader of the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers Local 2032, who has retired after almost 43 years at the Authority. It is the first NYPA facility named after a union employee.
June 11, 2008: NYPA announces a $10.6 million agreement with UTC Power of Connecticut to build one of the world’s largest fuel cell installations at the redeveloped World Trade Center site.
June 24, 2008: The Power Authority and Ontario Power Generation mark 50 years of power production at NYPA’s St. Lawrence-Franklin D. Roosevelt Power Project, the American half of the international St. Lawrence Power Project. NYPA trustees also rename the project’s visitors center in honor of retiring chairman Frank S. McCullough, Jr.
August 1, 2008: Trustee Michael J. Townsend, vice chairman of the Power Authority, assumes the role of acting chairman with the retirement of Chairman Frank S. McCullough, Jr. Townsend is officially elected chairman on May 24, 2008.
September 23, 2008: NYPA trustees elect Richard M. Kessel as president and chief executive officer, effective October 14.
April 22, 2009: NYPA seeks expressions of interest from local businesses and manufacturers about participating in NYPA’s Great Lakes Offshore Wind Power Project (GLOW). NYPA trustees vote to end the competitive solicitation for GLOW due to economic considerations on September 27, 2011.
July 1, 2009: The Long Island-New York City Offshore Wind Collaborative, of which NYPA is a member, issues a Request for Information (RFI) to gauge the level of interest for development of an offshore wind farm in the Atlantic Ocean, near the Rockaway Peninsula.
November 3, 2009: Voters statewide approve a constitutional amendment in support of the Tri-Lakes Reliability Project, designed to enhance the reliability of electric service in the Adirondack region.
December 15, 2009: Power Authority trustees approve NYPA’s first Sustainability Action Plan.
December 22, 2009: Gov. David A. Paterson signs legislation to expand energy efficiency and sustainability efforts for the Authority’s Statewide Energy Services Programs making these energy-saving opportunities available to NYPA’s business customers.
January 31, 2010: NYPA's Charles Poletti Power Plant ceases operations in accordance with an agreement announced in 2002.
March 28, 2011: The New York State Senate confirms the nomination of John S. Dyson, former Power Authority chairman from 1975 to 1985, as a NYPA trustee. Dyson serves as a trustee for a year-and-a-half, until August 5, 2012.
July 26, 2011: NYPA trustees elect Gil Quiniones to serve to serve as acting president and chief executive officer following the departure of Richard Kessel from that position, effective September 6, 2011.
September 9, 2011: The Power Authority begins a statewide outreach effort in support of ReCharge New York, a new economic development power program signed into law by Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo that will take effect July 1, 2012.
September 27, 2011: Power Authority trustees vote to end the competitive solicitation for NYPA’s Great Lakes Offshore Wind Project (GLOW) without awarding a contract for project development.
November 15, 2011: Following a recommendation by Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo, NYPA trustees elect Gil Quiniones as Power Authority president and chief executive officer, subject to confirmation by the New York State Senate, which occurs on January 9, 2012.
January 9, 2012: The State Senate confirms Gil Quiniones as Power Authority president and chief executive officer.
April 4, 2012: Federal, state and utility leaders gather for a summit at Columbia University in New York City to launch Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo’s Energy Highway initiative, aimed at rebuilding New York State’s energy infrastructure. NYPA President and CEO Gil Quiniones will co-chair the Energy Highway Task Force along with state Department of Environmental Conservation Commissioner Joseph Martens.
April 19, 2012: Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo announces the NY-Sun initiative, which will coordinate activities by NYPA and other state agencies to increase significantly the amount of customer-based solar-power installations in New York State over several years.
April 26, 2012: Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo outlines several clean energy and environmental initiatives, with NYPA financing of approximately $800 million for energy efficiency improvements at both state and local public facilities over several years.
May 1, 2012: Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo nominates John R. Koelmel as a Power Authority trustee and recommends him as chairman, pending confirmation by the State Senate, which occurs on June 5. NYPA trustees elect Koelmel as Power Authority chairman on June 27, 2012.
May 3, 2012: The Power Authority receives its fourth Outstanding Stewards of America’s Waters (OSAW) award from the National Hydropower Association for environmental enhancements. With this recognition, NYPA has received more OSAW awards than any other association member.
July 1, 2012: The first allocations of low-cost electricity to ReCharge New York customers commence. By year's end, more than 700 megawatts will have been approved for more than 600 businesses and not-for-profit organizations.
October 22, 2012: The Energy Highway Task Force presents Governor Cuomo with a Blueprint to modernize the New York State’s energy infrastructure. NYPA expects to play a key role in several of the public-private partnerships.
December 19, 2012: In support of Governor Cuomo’s Energy Highway initiative, Power Authority trustees approve a $726 million Life Extension and Modernization of NYPA’s transmission network.
December 28, 2012: Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo designates NYPA as the lead entity to coordinate implementation of Executive Order 88, requiring all state agencies and authorities to improve their energy efficiency 20 percent by 2020. The ambitious undertaking comes to be known as Build Smart NY.
April 22, 2013: NYPA’s White Plains office building is recertified under the U.S. Green Building Council’s LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) program, earning another Gold rating in the Existing Building category.
April 23, 2013: NYPA earns its fifth “Outstanding Stewards of American Waters” award from the National Hydropower Association for a stone staircase built in the Niagara River Gorge as part of the Niagara Power Project relicensing. Previous awards have recognized habitat improvement projects and an eel ladder installed at NYPA’s St. Lawrence-FDR Power Project.
April 26, 2013: The American Conference for an Energy Efficient Economy recognizes NYPA’s Energy Services Schools Program, begun more than 20 years ago, as part of the conference’s National Review of Exemplary Energy Efficiency Programs.
June 5, 2013: NYPA announces completion of the Hudson Transmission Project, a seven-mile, 345-kilovolt power line between New York City and New Jersey built to provide enhanced transmission reliability, energy security and access to additional power sources. NYPA has agreed to purchase 75 percent of the line’s capacity for 20 years.
July 1, 2013: A groundbreaking at the Alcoa East aluminum facility in Massena launches a major modernization and upgrade for the North Country manufacturer, made possible by a 478-megawatt allocation of NYPA hydropower.
July 26, 2013: A “Shared Campus Initiative” involving approximately 20 acres of land between Niagara University and NYPA’s Niagara Power Plant is announced. The $5.5 million effort will result in improved lighting, grading and drainage for the property, along with construction of new bicycle and walking paths.